Publications

Reed, C.A., K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2017). Seismic anisotropy and mantle dynamics beneath the Malawi Rift Zone, East Africa, Tectonics, 45, doi: 10.1002/2017TC004519.

Yu, Y., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, T. Yang, M. Xue, and K.P. Le (2017). Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Indochina Peninsula: Implications for slab subduction and mantle upwelling, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, doi: 10.1002/2017GL073528.

Yu, Y., T. D. Hung, T. Yang, M. Xue, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, (2017). Lateral variations of crustal structure beneath the Indochina Peninsula, Tectonophysics, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2017.05.023. pdf

Liu, L., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and K. Mickus (2017). Receiver function and gravity constraints on crustal structure and vertical movements of the Upper Mississippi Embayment and Ozark Uplift, Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 122, doi: 10.1002/2017JB014201. pdf

Yang, B.B., Y. Liu, H. Dahm, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2017). Seismic azimuthal anisotropy beneath the eastern United States and its geodynamic implications,
Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 1-9, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071227. pdf

Yu, Y., K.H. Liu, Z. Huang, D. Zhao, C.A. Reed, M. Moidaki, J. Lei, and S.S. Gao (2017). Mantle structure beneath the incipient Okavango Rift Zone in southern Africa, Geosphere, 13, 102-111, doi: 10.1130/GES01331.1. pdf

Reed, C.A., K.H. Liu, P. Chindandali, B. Massingue, H. Mdala, D. Mutamina, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2016). Passive rifting of thick lithosphere in the southern East African Rift: Evidence from mantle transition zone discontinuity topography, Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 8068-8079, doi: 10.1002/2016JB013131. pdf

Cherie, S.G., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Elsheikh, F.S. Kong, C.A. Reed, and B.B. Yang (2016). Shear wave splitting analyses in Tian Shan: Geodynamic implications of complex seismic anisotropy, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 17, 1975-1989, doi:10.1002/2016GC006269. pdf

Reed, C.A., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and Y. Yu (2016). The mantle transition zone beneath the Afar Depression and adjacent regions: Implications for mantle plumes and hydration, Geophysical Journal International, 205,1756-1766, doi:10.1093/gji/ggw116. pdf

Kong, F.S., J. Wu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2016). Crustal anisotropy and ductile flow beneath the eastern Tibetan Plateau and adjacent areas, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 442, 72-79, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.03.003. pdf

Yang, B.B., K.H. Liu, H.H. Dahm, and S.S. Gao (2016). A uniform database of teleseismic shear wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States: December 2014 update, Seismological Research Letters, 87, 295-300, doi: 10.1785/0220150213. pdf

Yu, Y., K.H. Liu, C.A. Reed, M. Moidaki, K. Mickus, E.A. Atekwana, and S.S. Gao (2015). A joint receiver function and gravity study of crustal structure beneath the incipient Okavango Rift, Botswana, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 8398-8405, doi: 10.1002/2015GL065811. pdf

Yu, Y., S.S. Gao, M. Moidaki, C.A. Reed, and K.H. Liu (2015). Seismic anisotropy beneath the incipient Okavango rift: Implications for rifting initiation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.08.009. pdf

Kong, F.S., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015), Applicability of the multiple-event stacking technique for shear-wave splitting analysis, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 105, 3156-3166, doi: 10.1785/0120150078. pdf.

Yu, Y., K.H. Liu, M. Moidaki, C.A. Reed, and S.S. Gao (2015). No thermal anomalies in the mantle transition zone beneath an incipient continental rift:
Evidence from the first receiver function study across the Okavango Rift Zone, Botswana,
Geophysical Journal International, 202, 1407-1418, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv229. pdf

Lemnifi, A., K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, C.R. Reed, A. Elsheikh, Y. Yu, and A. Elmelade (2015). Azimuthal anisotropy beneath north central Africa from shear wave splitting analyses, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 16, 1105-1114, doi: 10.1002/2014GC005706. pdf

Yu, Y., J. Song, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2015). Determining crustal structure beneath seismic stations overlying a low-velocity sedimentary layer using receiver functions,
Journal of Geophysical Research, volume, 120, 3208-3218, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011610. pdf

Wu, J., Z. Zhang, F.S. Kong, B.B. Yang, Y. Yu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2015).
Complex seismic anisotropy beneath western Tibet and its geodynamic implications,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 413, 167-175, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.01.002. pdf

Kong, F.S., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015). A systematic comparison of the transverse energy minimization and splitting intensity techniques for measuring shear-wave splitting parameters, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America. pdf

Elsheikh, A.A., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2014). Formation of the Cameroon Volcanic Line by lithospheric basal erosion: Insight from mantle seismic anisotropy, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 100, 96-108, doi: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.06.011. pdf

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2014). Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the contiguous United States, Journal of Geophysical Research,119, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011253. pdf

Mohamed, A.A., S.S. Gao, A.A. Elsheikh, K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, and R.E. Fat-Helbary (2014).
Seismic imaging of mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the northern Red Sea and adjacent areas,
Geophysical Journal International,199, 648-657, doi:10.1093/gji/ggu284. pdf

Elsheikh, A.A., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Mohamed, Y. Yu, and R.E. Fat-Helbary (2014).  Seismic anisotropy and subduction-induced mantle fabrics beneath the Arabian and Nubian plates adjacent to the Red Sea, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 2376-2381, doi: 10.1002/2014GL059536. pdf

Liu, K.H., A. Elsheikh, A. Lemnifi, U. Purevsuren, M. Ray, H. Refayee, B. Yang, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2014). A uniform database of teleseismic shear wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems,15, doi: 10.1002/2014GC005267. pdf

Reed, C.A., S. Almadani, S.S. Gao, A. Elsheikh, S. Cherie, M. Abdelsalam, A. Thurmond, and K.H. Liu (2014). Receiver function constraints on crustal seismic velocities and partial melting beneath the Red Sea rift and adjacent regions, Afar Depression, Journal of Geophysical Research,119, 2138-2152, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010719. pdf

Yang, B.B., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Elsheikh, A.A. Lemnifi, H.A. Refayee, and Y. Yu (2014). Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath the northern Great Plains of North America, Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 1971-1985, doi:10.1002/2013JB010561. pdf

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2013). Imaging mantle discontinuities using multiply-reflected P-to-S conversions, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.08.025. pdf

Refayee, H.A., B.B. Yang,  K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2013). Mantle flow and lithosphere-asthenosphere coupling beneath the southwestern edge of the North American Craton: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurements, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.01.031. pdf

Liu, K. H., and S.S. Gao (2013). Making reliable shear-wave splitting measurements,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 103, 2680-2693, doi: 10.1785/0120120355. pdf

Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, C.A. Reed, Y. Yu, B. Massinque, H. Mdala, M. Moidaki, D. Mutamina, E.A. Atekwana, S. Ingate, and A.M. Reusch (2013). SAFARI-Seismic Arrays For African Rift Initiation, Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 94, 213-214, doi: 10.1002/2013EO240002. pdf

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2012). AnisDep: A FORTRAN program for the estimation of the depth of anisotropy using spatial coherency of shear-wave splitting parameters,
Computers & Geosciences, doi: 10.1016/j.cageo.2012.01.020. pdf

Wang, B.Z., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and E.S. Krebes (2012). High-accuracy practical spline-based 2D and 3D integral transformations in potential-field geophysics, Geophysical Prospecting, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2011.01026.x. pdf

Satsukawa, T., M. Michibayashi, E.Y. Anthony, R.J. Stern, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2011). Seismic anisotropy of the uppermost mantle beneath the Rio Grande rift: Evidence from Kilbourne Hole peridotite xenoliths, New Mexico, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 311 (1-2), pp. 172-181. pdf

Liu, K.H. and S.S. Gao (2011). Estimation of the depth of anisotropy using spatial coherency of shear-wave splitting parameters, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 101, pp. 2153-2161, doi: 10.1785/0120100258. pdf

Bashir, L., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and K. Mickus (2011). Crustal structure and evolution beneath the Colorado Plateau and the Southern Basin and Range Province: Results from receiver function and gravity studies, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  pdf

Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and MG. Abelsalam (2010). Seismic anisotropy beneath beneath the Afar Depression and adjacent areas: Implications for mantle flow, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, B12330, doi:10.1029/2009JB007141. pdf

Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao (2010). Spatial variations of crustal characteristics beneath the Hoggar swell, Algeria, revealed by systematic analyses of receiver functions from a single seismic station, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 11, Q08011, doi:10.1029/2010GC003091. pdf

Liu, K.H. (2009). NA-SWS-1.1: A uniform database of teleseismic shear-wave splitting measurements for North America, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10, Q05011, doi:10.1029/2009GC002440. pdf

Atef, A., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2009). Apparent weekly and daily earthquake periodicities in the western United State, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 99, pp. 2273-2279, doi:10.1785/0120080217. pdf

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2009). Significant seismic anisotropy beneath the southern Lhasa Terrane, Tibetan Plateau, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10, Q02008, doi:10.1029/2008GC002227. pdf

Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, R.J. Stern, G.R. Keller, J.P. Hogan, J. Pulliam, and E.Y. Anthony (2008). Characteristics of mantle fabrics beneath the southern-central United State: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurements, Geosphere, 4, pp. 411-417, doi:10/1130/GES00159.1. pdf

Gao,S.S., T.M. Niemi, R.A. Black, K.H. Liu, R.R. Anderson, R.M. Joeckel, R.W. Busby, and J. Taber (2008). Rationale for a permanent seismic network in the Central Plains utilizing USArray, Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 89, No. 9, Page 85. pdf

Liu, K.H., S.S. Gao, Y. Gao, and J. Wu (2008). Shear-wave splitting and mantle flow associated with the deflected Pacific slab beneath northeast Asia, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B01305, doi:10.1029/2007JB005178. pdf

Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao (2006). Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Baikal rift and adjacent areas, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B11301, doi:10.1029/2005JB004099. pdf

Nair, S.K., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and P.G. Silver (2006). Southern African crustal evolution and composition: Constraints from receiver function studies, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B02304, doi:10.1029/2005JB003802. pdf

Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and C. Chen (2004). Significant crustal thinning beneath the Baikal rift zone: New constraints from receiver function analysis, Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L20610, doi:10.1029/2004GL020813. pdf

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2004), Seafloor asymmetry in the Atlantic Ocean,
Oceanic and Coastal Sea Research, 3, pp. 191-194.

Liu, K.H., S.S. Gao, P.G. Silver, and Y. Zhang (2003). Mantle layering across central South America, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 108(B11), 2510, doi:10.1029/2002JB002208. pdf

Hubbard, M.S., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, K.E. Nicolaysen, and C.G. Oviatt (2003). Great Plains workshop held to prepare for USArray deployment, Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 84, Pages 314 and 320.

Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, P.M. Davis, P.D. Slack, Y.A. Zorin, V.V. Mordvinova, and V.M. Kozhevnikov (2003). Evidence for small-scale mantle convection in the upper mantle beneath the Baikal Rift Zone, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108(B4), 2194, doi:10.1029/2002JB002039, pp. 5: 1-12. pdf

Liu, K.H. (2003). Effects of inelasticity on the apparent depth and detectability of seismic discontinuities in the mantle, Geophysical Research Letters, 30(9), 1455, doi:10.1029/2002GL015264. pdf

Gao, S.S, P.G. Silver, K.H. Liu, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group, Mantle discontinuities beneath southern Africa (2002). Geophysical Research Letters, 29(10), p. 1291-1294, 10.1029/2001GL013834. pdf

Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao (2001). Characterization of a continuous, very narrow-band seismic signal near 2.08 Hz, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 91, No. 6, pp. 1910-1916. pdf

Silver, P.G., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group (2001). Mantle deformation beneath southern Africa, Geophysical Research Letters, 28, No. 13, 2493-2496. pdf

Davis, P.M., J.L. Rubinstein, K.H. Liu, S. Gao, L. Knopoff (2000). Northridge earthquake damage caused by geologic focusing of seismic waves, Science, 289, 1746-1750. pdf

 

PUBLICATIONS BEFORE 2000 (pdf)

 

MEETING PRESENTATIONS (pdf)

 

COMPLETED THESES and DISSERTATIONS ADVISED at S&T (pdf)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kelly Liu
Ph.D. in Geophysics and Space Physics, UCLA, 1998

      

Formerly University of Missouri-Rolla