Selected Publications

Wang, T., Feng, J., Liu, K.H., & Gao, S.S. (2019). Crustal structure beneath the Malawi and Luangwa Rift Zones and adjacent areas from ambient noise tomography. Gondwana Research, 67, 187-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gr.2018.10.018.

Abdelnabi, A.A., Abushalah, Y., Liu, K.H., & Gao, S.S. (2019). Integrated geological, geophysical, and petrophysical data to construct full field geological model of Cambrian-Ordovician and Upper Cretaceous Reservoir formations, Central Western Sirte Basin, Libya. Interpretation, 7, T21-T37. https://library.seg.org/doi/10.1190/int-2017-0236.1.

Zheng, T., Ding, Z., Ning, J., Chang, L., Wang, X., Kong, F., Liu, K.H., & Gao, S.S. (2018). Crustal azimuthal anisotropy beneath the southeastern Tibetan Plateau and its geodynamic implications. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123(11), 9733-9749. https://doi.org/10.1002/2018JB015995.

Kong, F., Gao, S.S., Liu, K.H., Song, J., Ding, W., Fang, Y., Ruan, A, & Li, J. (2018). Receiver function investigations of seismic anisotropy layering beneath Southern California. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123(12). 10,672-10,683. https://doi.org/10.1002/2018JB015830.

Kong, F., Wu, J., Liu, L., Liu, K.H., Song, J., Li, J., & Gao, S.S. (2018). Azimuthal anisotropy and mantle flow underneath the southeastern Tibetan Plateau and northern Indochina Peninsula revealed by shear wave splitting analyses. Tectonophysics, 747, 68-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2018.09.013.

Qaysi, S., Liu, K.H., & Gao, S.S. (2018). A database of shear wave splitting measurements for the Arabian Plate. Seismological Research Letters, 89, 2294-2298. https://doi.org/10.1785/0220180144.

Sun, M., Fu, X., Liu, K.H., & Gao, S.S. (2018). Absence of thermal influence from the African Superswell and cratonic keels on the mantle transition zone beneath southern Africa: Evidence from receiver function imaging. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 503, 108-117. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2018.09.012.

Yu, Y., Gao, S.S., Liu, K.H., Yang, T., Xue, M., Le, K.P., & Gao, J. (2018). Characteristics of the mantle flow system beneath the Indochina Peninsula revealed by teleseismic shear wave splitting analysis. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 19, 1519-1532. https://doi.org/10.1002/2018GC007474.

Sun, M., Liu, K. H., Fu, X., & Gao, S. S. (2017). Receiver function imaging of mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Tanzania Craton and adjacent segments of the East African Rift System. Geophysical Research Letters, 44. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075485.

Dahm, H. H., Gao, S. S., Kong, F., & Liu, K. H. (2017). Topography of the mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath Alaska and its geodynamic implications: Constraints from receiver function stacking. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JB014604.

Lemnifi, A. A., Elshaafi, A.,Browning, J., Aouad, N. S., El Ebaidi, S. K., Liu, K. H., & Gudmundsson, A. (2017). Crustal thickness beneath Libya and the origin of partial melt beneath AS Sawda Volcanic Province from receiver function constraints. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 122. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JB014291.

Reed, C.A., K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2017). Seismic anisotropy and mantle dynamics beneath the Malawi Rift Zone, East Africa, Tectonics, 45, doi: 10.1002/2017TC004519.

Yu, Y., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, T. Yang, M. Xue, and K.P. Le (2017). Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Indochina Peninsula: Implications for slab subduction and mantle upwelling, Geophysical Research Letters, 45, doi: 10.1002/2017GL073528.

Yu, Y., T. D. Hung, T. Yang, M. Xue, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, (2017). Lateral variations of crustal structure beneath the Indochina Peninsula, Tectonophysics, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2017.05.023.

Liu, L., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and K. Mickus (2017). Receiver function and gravity constraints on crustal structure and vertical movements of the Upper Mississippi Embayment and Ozark Uplift, Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 122, doi: 10.1002/2017JB014201. pdf

Yang, B.B., Y. Liu, H. Dahm, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2017). Seismic azimuthal anisotropy beneath the eastern United States and its geodynamic implications,
Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 1-9, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071227. pdf

Yu, Y., K.H. Liu, Z. Huang, D. Zhao, C.A. Reed, M. Moidaki, J. Lei, and S.S. Gao (2017). Mantle structure beneath the incipient Okavango Rift Zone in southern Africa, Geosphere, 13, 102-111, doi: 10.1130/GES01331.1. pdf

Reed, C.A., K.H. Liu, P. Chindandali, B. Massingue, H. Mdala, D. Mutamina, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2016). Passive rifting of thick lithosphere in the southern East African Rift: Evidence from mantle transition zone discontinuity topography, Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 8068-8079, doi: 10.1002/2016JB013131. pdf

Cherie, S.G., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Elsheikh, F.S. Kong, C.A. Reed, and B.B. Yang (2016). Shear wave splitting analyses in Tian Shan: Geodynamic implications of complex seismic anisotropy, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 17, 1975-1989, doi:10.1002/2016GC006269. pdf

Reed, C.A., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and Y. Yu (2016). The mantle transition zone beneath the Afar Depression and adjacent regions: Implications for mantle plumes and hydration, Geophysical Journal International, 205,1756-1766, doi:10.1093/gji/ggw116.

Kong, F.S., J. Wu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2016). Crustal anisotropy and ductile flow beneath the eastern Tibetan Plateau and adjacent areas, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 442, 72-79, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.03.003.

Yang, B.B., K.H. Liu, H.H. Dahm, and S.S. Gao (2016). A uniform database of teleseismic shear wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States: December 2014 update, Seismological Research Letters, 87, 295-300, doi: 10.1785/0220150213.

Yu, Y., K.H. Liu, C.A. Reed, M. Moidaki, K. Mickus, E.A. Atekwana, and S.S. Gao (2015). A joint receiver function and gravity study of crustal structure beneath the incipient Okavango Rift, Botswana, Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 8398-8405, doi: 10.1002/2015GL065811. pdf

Yu, Y., S.S. Gao, M. Moidaki, C.A. Reed, and K.H. Liu (2015). Seismic anisotropy beneath the incipient Okavango rift: Implications for rifting initiation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.08.009.

Kong, F.S., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015), Applicability of the multiple-event stacking technique for shear-wave splitting analysis, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 105, 3156-3166, doi: 10.1785/0120150078.

Yu, Y., K.H. Liu, M. Moidaki, C.A. Reed, and S.S. Gao (2015). No thermal anomalies in the mantle transition zone beneath an incipient continental rift:
Evidence from the first receiver function study across the Okavango Rift Zone, Botswana,
Geophysical Journal International, 202, 1407-1418, doi:10.1093/gji/ggv229.

Lemnifi, A., K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, C.R. Reed, A. Elsheikh, Y. Yu, and A. Elmelade (2015). Azimuthal anisotropy beneath north central Africa from shear wave splitting analyses, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 16, 1105-1114, doi: 10.1002/2014GC005706. pdf

Yu, Y., J. Song, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2015). Determining crustal structure beneath seismic stations overlying a low-velocity sedimentary layer using receiver functions,
Journal of Geophysical Research, volume, 120, 3208-3218, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011610. pdf

Wu, J., Z. Zhang, F.S. Kong, B.B. Yang, Y. Yu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2015).
Complex seismic anisotropy beneath western Tibet and its geodynamic implications,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 413, 167-175, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.01.002.

Kong, F.S., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015). A systematic comparison of the transverse energy minimization and splitting intensity techniques for measuring shear-wave splitting parameters, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 105, 230-239, doi: 10.1785/0120140108.

Elsheikh, A.A., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2014). Formation of the Cameroon Volcanic Line by lithospheric basal erosion: Insight from mantle seismic anisotropy, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 100, 96-108, doi: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.06.011.

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2014). Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the contiguous United States, Journal of Geophysical Research,119, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011253. pdf

Mohamed, A.A., S.S. Gao, A.A. Elsheikh, K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, and R.E. Fat-Helbary (2014).
Seismic imaging of mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the northern Red Sea and adjacent areas,
Geophysical Journal International,199, 648-657, doi:10.1093/gji/ggu284.

Elsheikh, A.A., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Mohamed, Y. Yu, and R.E. Fat-Helbary (2014).  Seismic anisotropy and subduction-induced mantle fabrics beneath the Arabian and Nubian plates adjacent to the Red Sea, Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 2376-2381, doi: 10.1002/2014GL059536. pdf

Liu, K.H., A. Elsheikh, A. Lemnifi, U. Purevsuren, M. Ray, H. Refayee, B. Yang, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2014). A uniform database of teleseismic shear wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems,15, doi: 10.1002/2014GC005267. pdf

Reed, C.A., S. Almadani, S.S. Gao, A. Elsheikh, S. Cherie, M. Abdelsalam, A. Thurmond, and K.H. Liu (2014). Receiver function constraints on crustal seismic velocities and partial melting beneath the Red Sea rift and adjacent regions, Afar Depression, Journal of Geophysical Research,119, 2138-2152, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010719. pdf

Yang, B.B., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Elsheikh, A.A. Lemnifi, H.A. Refayee, and Y. Yu (2014). Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath the northern Great Plains of North America, Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 1971-1985, doi:10.1002/2013JB010561. pdf

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2013). Imaging mantle discontinuities using multiply-reflected P-to-S conversions, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.08.025.

Refayee, H.A., B.B. Yang,  K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2013). Mantle flow and lithosphere-asthenosphere coupling beneath the southwestern edge of the North American Craton: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurements, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.01.031.

Liu, K. H., and S.S. Gao (2013). Making reliable shear-wave splitting measurements,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 103, 2680-2693, doi: 10.1785/0120120355.

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2012). AnisDep: A FORTRAN program for the estimation of the depth of anisotropy using spatial coherency of shear-wave splitting parameters,
Computers & Geosciences, doi: 10.1016/j.cageo.2012.01.020. pdf

Satsukawa, T., M. Michibayashi, E.Y. Anthony, R.J. Stern, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2011). Seismic anisotropy of the uppermost mantle beneath the Rio Grande rift: Evidence from Kilbourne Hole peridotite xenoliths, New Mexico, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 311 (1-2), pp. 172-181.

Liu, K.H. and S.S. Gao (2011). Estimation of the depth of anisotropy using spatial coherency of shear-wave splitting parameters, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 101, pp. 2153-2161, doi: 10.1785/0120100258.

Bashir, L., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and K. Mickus (2011). Crustal structure and evolution beneath the Colorado Plateau and the Southern Basin and Range Province: Results from receiver function and gravity studies, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems.  pdf

Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and MG. Abelsalam (2010). Seismic anisotropy beneath beneath the Afar Depression and adjacent areas: Implications for mantle flow, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, B12330, doi:10.1029/2009JB007141. pdf

Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao (2010). Spatial variations of crustal characteristics beneath the Hoggar swell, Algeria, revealed by systematic analyses of receiver functions from a single seismic station, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 11, Q08011, doi:10.1029/2010GC003091. pdf

Liu, K.H. (2009). NA-SWS-1.1: A uniform database of teleseismic shear-wave splitting measurements for North America, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10, Q05011, doi:10.1029/2009GC002440. pdf

Atef, A., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2009). Apparent weekly and daily earthquake periodicities in the western United State, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 99, pp. 2273-2279, doi:10.1785/0120080217. pdf

Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2009). Significant seismic anisotropy beneath the southern Lhasa Terrane, Tibetan Plateau, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10, Q02008, doi:10.1029/2008GC002227. pdf

Liu, K.H., S.S. Gao, Y. Gao, and J. Wu (2008). Shear-wave splitting and mantle flow associated with the deflected Pacific slab beneath northeast Asia, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B01305, doi:10.1029/2007JB005178. pdf

Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao (2006). Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Baikal rift and adjacent areas, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B11301, doi:10.1029/2005JB004099. pdf

Nair, S.K., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and P.G. Silver (2006). Southern African crustal evolution and composition: Constraints from receiver function studies, Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B02304, doi:10.1029/2005JB003802. pdf

Liu, K.H. (2003). Effects of inelasticity on the apparent depth and detectability of seismic discontinuities in the mantle, Geophysical Research Letters, 30(9), 1455, doi:10.1029/2002GL015264. pdf

Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao (2001). Characterization of a continuous, very narrow-band seismic signal near 2.08 Hz, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 91, No. 6, pp. 1910-1916.

Silver, P.G., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group (2001). Mantle deformation beneath southern Africa, Geophysical Research Letters, 28, No. 13, 2493-2496. pdf

Davis, P.M., J.L. Rubinstein, K.H. Liu, S. Gao, L. Knopoff (2000). Northridge earthquake damage caused by geologic focusing of seismic waves, Science, 289, 1746-1750.

 

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Kelly Liu
Ph.D. in Geophysics and Space Physics, UCLA, 1998

      

Formerly University of Missouri-Rolla