Magnetic hysteresis; Hydrogen; Palladium; Dislocations; Carbon nanotubes; Nanoparticles; Palladium; Gamma irradiation; Radiation induced chemistry; Flat panel X-ray source; Bremsstrahlung; Field Emission; Monte Carlo; Particle in Cell; MCNPX; OOPIC Pro; Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs); micro X-ray source; Chemically Bonded Ceramics; PbO; gamma radiation; shielding; nuclear applications; Transmission X-ray; Breakdown model; plasma material interactions; unipolar arc; vacuum breakdown; MCNPX; Flat-panel source; Bremsstrahlung; Distributed X-raysource; Field emission X-raysource; Phosphate cements; Radioactive wastes; Room temperature ceramics; Waste treatment; Rhenium Nanoparticles; Perrhenate ions; Gamma irradiation; Radiation induced chemistry; SAND II; MCNP model; Nuclear research reactor; MSTR; Neutron energy spectrum; Flux spectrum unfolding; Multiple foil activation method; Flat-panel X-ray source; field emission; ultra-nanocrystalline diamonds (UNCD); Bending fatigue test; Bending fatigue mini specimen; SeN curve; Krouse; Weibull distribution; Mean life; Minitab 17; Targeted alpha therapy; Targeted; radioimmunotherapy; Radioactive nanoparticles; Lanthanum phosphate; Actinium-225; Radium-223; Radium-225; in-vitro retention; in-vivo generators; Iridium nanoparticles ; Radiolytic; synthesis ; Gamma irradiation ; Radiation-induced; chemistry ; Carbon nanotubes ; Composite; nanomaterials; Iridium nanoparticles ; Rhodium; nanoparticles ; Radiolysis synthesis ; Gamma irradiation ; ; Radiation induced chemistry; Phosphate cements; Radioactive wastes; Room temperature; ceramics; Waste treatment; Phase change material; Thermal properties; Differential scanning calorimetry; Thermal energy storage; Fatty; Acids; PCM; ; Nano graphene platelets; Supercooling