Steve Shangxing Gao's Publications

Steve Gao's Publications

(click here for information about the journals, and here to see the papers arranged based on research areas).

Refereed Articles

(* = PhD and ** = MS students or recipients advised by S. Gao and K. Liu)

83. Reed, C.A.*, K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, and S.S. Gao (2017).
Seismic anisotropy and mantle dynamics beneath the Malawi Rift Zone, East Africa.
Tectonics, 36, 1338-1351, doi: 10.1002/2017TC004519. PDF

82. Yu, Y.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, T. Yang, M. Xue, and K.P. Le (2017).
Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Indochina Peninsula: Implications for slab subduction and mantle upwelling,
Geophysical Research Letters, 45, 7159-7167, doi: 10.1002/2017GL073528. PDF

81. Yu, Y.*, T. D. Hung, T. Yang, M. Xue, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, (2017).
Lateral variations of crustal structure beneath the Indochina Peninsula,
Tectonophysics, 712-713, 193-199, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2017.05.023. PDF

80. Liu, L.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and K. Mickus (2017).
Receiver function and gravity constraints on crustal structure and vertical movements of the Upper Mississippi Embayment and Ozark Uplift,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 122, 4572-4583, doi: 10.1002/2017JB014201. PDF

79. Yang, B.B.*, Y. Liu**, H. Dahm*, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, 2017.
Seismic azimuthal anisotropy beneath the eastern United States and its geodynamic implications,
Geophysical Research Letters, 44, 2670-2678, doi: 10.1002/2016GL071227. PDF

78. Emishaw, L., D.A. Lao-Davila, M.G. Abdelsalam, E.A. Atekwana, and S.S. Gao, 2017.
Evolution of the Broadly Rifted Zone in southern Ethiopia through gravitational collapse of dynamic topography,
Tectonophysics, 699, 213-226, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.12.009. PDF

77. Yu, Y.*, K.H. Liu, Z. Huang, D. Zhao, C.A. Reed*, M. Moidaki*, J. Lei, and S.S. Gao, 2017.
Mantle structure beneath the incipient Okavango Rift Zone in southern Africa,
Geosphere, 13, 102-111, doi: 10.1130/GES01331.1. PDF

76. Reed, C.A.*, K.H. Liu, P. Chindandali, B. Massingue, H. Mdala, D. Mutamina, Y. Yu*, and S.S. Gao, 2016.
Passive rifting of thick lithosphere in the southern East African Rift: Evidence from mantle transition zone discontinuity topography,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 121, 8068-8079, doi: 10.1002/2016JB013131. PDF

75. Cherie, S.G.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Elsheikh*, F.S. Kong*, C.A. Reed*, and B.B. Yang*, 2016.
Shear wave splitting analyses in Tian Shan: Geodynamic implications of complex seismic anisotropy,
Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 17, 1975-1989, doi: 10.1002/2016GC006269. PDF

74. Reed, C.A.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and Y. Yu*, 2016.
The mantle transition zone beneath the Afar Depression and adjacent regions: Implications for mantle plumes and hydration,
Geophysical Journal International, 205,1756-1766, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggw116. PDF

73. Kong, F.S.*, J. Wu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, 2016.
Crustal anisotropy and ductile flow beneath the eastern Tibetan Plateau and adjacent areas,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 442, 72-79, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.03.003. PDF

72. Yang, B.B.*, K.H. Liu, H.H. Dahm*, and S.S. Gao, 2016.
A uniform database of teleseismic shear wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States: December 2014 update,
Seismological Research Letters, 87, 295-300, doi: 10.1785/0220150213. Click here for the 3 supplementary tables. PDF

71. Yu, Y.*, K.H. Liu, C.A. Reed*, M. Moidaki, K. Mickus, E.A. Atekwana, and S.S. Gao, 2015.
A joint receiver function and gravity study of crustal structure beneath the incipient Okavango Rift, Botswana,
Geophysical Research Letters, 42, 8398-8405, doi: 10.1002/2015GL065811. PDF

70. Yu, Y.*, S.S. Gao, M. Moidaki, C.A. Reed*, and K.H. Liu, 2015.
Seismic anisotropy beneath the incipient Okavango rift: Implications for rifting initiation,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 1-8, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.08.009. PDF

69. Kong, F.S.*, S. S. Gao, and K. H. Liu, 2015.
On the applicability of the multiple-event stacking technique for shear wave splitting analysis,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 105, 3156-3166, doi: 10.1785/0120150078. PDF

68. Yu, Y.*, K.H. Liu, M. Moidaki, C.A. Reed*, and S.S. Gao, 2015.
No thermal anomalies in the mantle transition zone beneath an incipient continental rift:
Evidence from the first receiver function study across the Okavango Rift Zone, Botswana,
Geophysical Journal International, 202, 1407-1418, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggv229. PDF

67. Lemnifi, A.*, K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, C.R. Reed*, A. Elsheikh*, Y. Yu*, and A. Elmelade, 2015.
Azimuthal anisotropy beneath north central Africa from shear wave splitting analyses,
Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 16, 1105-1114, doi: 10.1002/2014GC005706. PDF

66. Yu, Y.*, J. Song, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, 2015.
Determining crustal structure beneath seismic stations overlying a low-velocity sedimentary layer using receiver functions,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 120, 3208-3218, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011610. PDF

65. Wu, J., Z. Zhang, F.S. Kong*, B.B. Yang*, Y. Yu*, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, 2015.
Complex seismic anisotropy beneath western Tibet and its geodynamic implications,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 413, 167-175, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.01.002. PDF

64. Kong, F.S.*, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu, 2015.
A systematic comparison of the transverse energy minimization and splitting intensity techniques for measuring shear-wave splitting parameters,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 105, 230-239, doi: 10.1785/0120140108. PDF

63. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu, 2014.
Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the contiguous United States,
Journal of Geophysical Research,119, 6452-6468, doi: 10.1002/2014JB011253. PDF
Supporting info: 26 E-W cross-sections with velocity anomalies and a table of all the measurements.

62. Mohamed, A.A., S.S. Gao, A.A. Elsheikh*, K.H. Liu, Y. Yu*, and R.E. Fat-Helbary, 2014.
Seismic imaging of mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the northern Red Sea and adjacent areas,
Geophysical Journal International, 199, 648-657, doi: 10.1093/gji/ggu284. PDF

61. Elsheikh, A.A.*, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu, 2014.
Formation of the Cameroon Volcanic Line by lithospheric basal erosion: Insight from mantle seismic anisotropy,
Journal of African Earth Sciences, 100, 96-108, doi: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.06.011. PDF

60. Elsheikh, A.A.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Mohamed, Y. Yu*, and R.E. Fat-Helbary, 2014.
Seismic anisotropy and subduction-induced mantle fabrics beneath the Arabian and Nubian plates adjacent to the Red Sea,
Geophysical Research Letters, 41, 2376-2381, doi: 10.1002/2014GL059536. PDF

59. Liu, K.H., A. Elsheikh*, A. Lemnifi*, U. Purevsuren*, M. Ray**, H. Refayee*, B. Yang*, Y. Yu*, and S.S. Gao, 2014.
A uniform database of teleseismic shear wave splitting measurements for the western and central United States,
Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 15, 2075-2085, doi: 10.1002/2014GC005267. PDF

58. Reed, C.A.*, S. Almadani*, S.S. Gao, A. Elsheikh*, S. Cherie*, M. Abdelsalam, A. Thurmond, and K. H. Liu, 2014.
Receiver function constraints on crustal seismic velocities and partial melting beneath the Red Sea rift and adjacent regions, Afar Depression,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 2138-2152, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010719. PDF

57. Yang, B.B.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, A.A. Elsheikh*, A.A. Lemnifi*, H.A. Refayee*, and Y. Yu*, 2014.
Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath the northern Great Plains of North America,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 119, 1971-1985, doi: 10.1002/2013JB010561. PDF

56. Gao, S. S., and K. H. Liu, 2014.
Imaging mantle discontinuities using multiply-reflected P-to-S conversions,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 402, 99-106, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.08.025. PDF

55. Refayee, H.A.*, B.B. Yang*, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, 2014.
Mantle flow and lithosphere-asthenosphere coupling beneath the southwestern edge of the North American Craton: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurements,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 402, 209-220, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.01.031. PDF

54. Liu, K.H, and S.S. Gao, 2013.
Making reliable shear-wave splitting measurements,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 103, 2680-2693, doi: 10.1785/0120120355. PDF

53. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, C.A. Reed*, Y. Yu*, B. Massinque, H. Mdala, M. Moidaki, D. Mutamina, E.A. Atekwana, S. Ingate, and A. M. Reusch, 2013.
Seismic arrays to study African rift initiation,
Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 94, 213-214, doi: 10.1002/2013EO240002. PDF

52. Moidaki, M.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and E. Atekwana, 2013.
Crustal Thickness and Moho Sharpness beneath the Midcontinent Rift from Receiver Functions,
Research in Geophysics, 3, doi: 10.4081/4538. PDF

51. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu, 2012.
AnisDep: A FORTRAN program for the estimation of the depth of anisotropy using spatial coherency of shear-wave splitting parameters,
Computers & Geosciences, 49, 330-333, doi: 10.1016/j.cageo.2012.01.020. PDF

50. Wang, B.Z.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and E.S. Krebes, 2012.
High-accuracy practical spline-based 2D and 3D integral transformations in potential-field geophysics,
Geophysical Prospecting, 60, 1001-1016, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2011.01026.x. PDF

49. Bridges, D.*, K. Mickus, S.S. Gao, M.G. Abdelsalam, and A. Alemu, 2012.
Magnetic stripes of a transitional continental rift in Afar,
Geology, 40, 203-206, doi: 10.1130/G32697.1. PDF

48. Satsukawa, T., M. Michibayashi, E.Y. Anthony, R.J. Stern, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu, 2011.
Seismic anisotropy of the uppermost mantle beneath the Rio Grande rift: Evidence from Kilbourne Hole peridotite xenoliths, New Mexico,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 311, 172-181, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2011.09.013. PDF

47. Bashir, L.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and K. Mickus, 2011.
Crustal structure and evolution beneath the Colorado Plateau and the southern Basin and Range Province: Results from receiver function and gravity studies,
Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 12, Q06008 (18 pages), doi: 10.1029/2011GC003563. PDF

46. Abdelsalam, M.G., S.S. Gao, and J.-P. Liegeois, 2011.
Upper mantle structure of the Saharan Metacraton,
Journal of African Earth Sciences, 60, 328-336, doi: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2011.03.009. PDF

45. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao, 2011.
Estimation of the depth of anisotropy using spatial coherency of shear-wave splitting parameters,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 101, 2153-2161, doi: 10.1785/0120100258. PDF

44. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and M.G. Abdelsalam, 2010.
Seismic anisotropy beneath the Afar Depression and adjacent areas: Implications for mantle flow,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, B12330 (15 pages), doi: 10.1029/2009JB007141. PDF

43. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao, 2010.
Spatial variations of crustal characteristics beneath the Hoggar swell, Algeria, revealed by systematic analyses of receiver functions from a single seismic station,
Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 11, Q08011 (14 pages), doi: 10.1029/2010GC003091. PDF

42. Moidaki M.*, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, M.G. Abdelsalam, J.P. Hogan, and E. Atekwana, 2010.
Converted P-to-S phase and Moho quality beneath the New Madrid seismic Zone from receiver function studies,
Geoscience Research, 1, 7-21.

41 Atef, A.*, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao, 2009.
Apparent weekly and daily earthquake periodicities in the western United States,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 99, 2273-2279, doi: 10.1785/0120080217. PDF

40. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu, 2009.
Significant seismic anisotropy beneath the southern Lhasa Terrane, Tibetan Plateau,
Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 10, Q02008 (19 pages), doi: 10.1029/2008GC002227. PDF

39. Liu, K.H., S.S. Gao, Y. Gao, and J. Wu, 2008.
Shear wave splitting and mantle flow associated with the deflected Pacific slab beneath northeast Asia,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, B01305 (15 pages), doi: 10.1029/2007JB005178. PDF

38. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, R.J. Stern, G.R. Keller, J.P. Hogan, J. Pulliam, and E.Y. Anthony, 2008.
Characteristics of mantle fabrics beneath the south-central United States: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurements,
Geosphere, 4, 411-417, doi: 10.1130/GES00159.1. PDF

37. Gao, S.S., T.M. Niemi, R.A. Black, K.H. Liu, R.M. Joeckel, R.W. Busby, and J. Taber, 2008.
Rationale for a permanent seismic network in the Central Plains utilizing USArray,
(click here for electronic supplementary material).
Eos (Forum section), Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 89, 85. doi: 10.1029/2008EO090009. PDF

36. Liu, K.H, and S.S. Gao, 2006.
Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Baikal rift and adjacent areas,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B11301 (10 pages), doi: 10.1029/2005JB004099. PDF

35. Nair, S. K.**, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and P.G. Silver, 2006.
Southern African crustal evolution and composition: Constraints from receiver function studies,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 111, B02304 (17 pages), doi: 10.1029/2005JB003802. PDF

34. Zhao, D., J. Lei, T. Inoue, A. Yamada, and S.S. Gao, 2006.
Deep structure and origin of the Baikal Rift Zone,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 243, 681-691. doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.01.033. PDF

33. Bridges, D.L.**, and S.S. Gao, 2006.
Spatial variation of seismic b-values beneath Makushin Volcano, Unalaska Island, Alaska,
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 245, 408-415, doi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.03.010. PDF

32. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and C. Chen**, 2004.
Significant crustal thinning beneath the Baikal rift zone: New constraints from receiver function analysis,
Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L20610 (4 pages), doi: 10.1029/2004GL020813. PDF

31. Silver, P.G., M. Fouch, S.S. Gao, M.D. Schmitz, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group, 2004.
Seismic anisotropy, mantle fabric, and the magmatic evolution of Precambrian southern Africa,
South Africa Journal of Geology, 107, 47-60, doi: 10.2113/107.1-2.45. PDF

30. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu, 2004.
Seafloor asymmetry in the Atlantic Ocean,
Journal of Ocean University of China, 3, 191-194. doi: 10.1007/s11802-004-0034-7. PDF

29. Fouch, M.J., D.E. James, J.C. VanDecar, S. van der Lee, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group (2004),
Mantle seismic structure beneath the Kaapvaal and Zimbabwe Cratons,
South African Journal of Geology, 107, 33-44. 10.2113/107.1-2.33. PDF

28. Liu, K.H., S.S. Gao, P.G. Silver, and Y.K. Zhang**, 2003.
Mantle layering across central South America,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 2510 (10 pages), doi: 10.1029/2002JB002208. PDF

27. Hubbard, M.S., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, K.E. Nicolaysen, and C.G. Oviatt, 2003.
Great Plains workshop held to prepare for USArray deployment,
Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 84, 314-320. PDF

26. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, P.M. Davis, P.D. Slack, Y.A. Zorin, V.V. Mordvinova, and V.M. Kozhevnikov, 2003.
Evidence for small-scale mantle convection in the upper mantle beneath the Baikal Rift Zone,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, 2194 (10 pages), doi: 10.1029/2002JB002039. PDF

25. Hui, R., J. Thomas, C. Allen, B. Fu, and S. Gao, 2003.
Low coherent, WDM reflectometry for accurate fiber length monitoring,
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 15, 96-98. doi: 10.1109/LPT.2002.805842. PDF

24. Zorin, Y.A., V.V. Mordvinova, G.L. Kosarev, E.K. Turutanov, B.G. Belichenkoa, and S.S. Gao, 2002.
Low seismic velocity layers in the earths crust of eastern Siberia (Russia) and Mongolia: Receiver function data and geological implication,
Tectonophysics, 359, 307-327. doi: 10.1016/S0040-1951(02)00531-0. PDF

23. Gao, S.S., P.G. Silver, and K.H. Liu, 2002.
Mantle Discontinuities Beneath Southern Africa,
Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 1491 (4 pages), doi: 10.1029/2001GL013834. PDF

22. Cao, A.**, and S. S. Gao, 2002.
Temporal variation of seismic b-values beneath northeastern Japan island arc,
Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 1-3, doi: 10.1029/2001GL013775. PDF

21. Zorin, Yu. A., V. V. Mordvinova, E. K. Turutanov, V. G. Belichenko, A. M. Mazukabzov, G. L. Kosarev, and S. S. Gao, 2002.
New geophysical data on thrust faults in the Baikal and Transbaikal regions and Central Mongolia,
Geotektonika, 3, 40-52.

20. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao, 2001.
Characterization of a continuous, very narrowband seismic signal near 2.08 Hz,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 91, 1910-1916. doi: 10.1785/0120010145. PDF

19. Silver, P. G., S. S. Gao, K. H. Liu, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group, 2001.
Mantle deformation beneath southern Africa,
Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 2493-2496, doi: 10.1029/2000GL012696. PDF

18. Nguuri, T.K., J. Gore, D.E. James, S.J. Webb, C. Wright, T.G. Zengeni, O. Gwavava, J.A. Snoke, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group, 2001.
Crustal structure beneath southern Africa and its implications for the formation and evolution of the Kaapvaal and Zimbabwe cratons,
Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 2501-2504. doi: 10.1029/2000GL012587 PDF

17. James, D.E., M.J. Fouch, J.C. VanDecar, S. van der Lee, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group, 2001.
Tectospheric structure beneath southern Africa,
Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 2485-2488. doi: 10.1029/2000GL012578. PDF

16. Freybourger, M., J.B. Gaherty, T.H. Jordan, and the Kaapvaal Seismic Group, 2001.
Structure of the Kaapvaal craton from surface waves,
Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 2489-2492. doi: 10.1029/2000GL012436. PDF

15. Gao, S.S., P.G. Silver, and A.T. Linde, 2000.
A comprehensive analysis of deformation data at Parkfield, California: Detection of a long-term strain transient,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 2955-2967, doi: 10.1029/1999JB900383. PDF

14. Gao, S.S., P.G. Silver, A.T. Linde, and I.S. Sacks, 2000.
Annual modulation of triggered seismicity following the 1992 Landers earthquake in California,
Nature, 406, 500-504, doi: 10.1038/35020045. PDF

13. Davis, P.M, J.L. Rubinstein, K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, and L. Knopoff, 2000.
Northridge earthquake damage caused by geologic focusing of seismic waves,
Science, 289, 1746-1750, doi: 10.1126/science.289.5485.1746. PDF

12. Gao, S.S., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, P.D. Slack, and others, 1999.
"SKS splitting beneath continental rifts zones" by Gao et al. - Reply.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 10,791-10,794, doi: 10.1029/1999JB900055. PDF

11. Gao, S., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, P.D. Slack, A.W. Rigor, Y.A. Zorin, V.V. Mordvinova, V.M. Kozhevnikov, and N.A. Logatchev, 1997.
SKS splitting beneath continental rift zones,
Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 22,781-22,797. doi: 10.1029/97JB01858. PDF

10. Gao, S., 1997.
A Bayesian approach for the calculation of seismic body-wave attenuation factors,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 87, 961-970. PDF

9. Gao, S., H. Liu, P. M. Davis, and L. Knopoff, 1996.
Localized amplification of seismic waves and correlation with damage due to the Northridge earthquake,
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 86, S209-S230, PDF

8. Gao, S., Liu, H, P.M. Davis, L. Knopoff, and G. Fuis, 1996.
A 98-station seismic array to record aftershocks of the 1994 Northridge earthquake,
USGS Open File Report, OF 96-690. PDF

7. Kohler, M.D., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, M. Benthien, S. Gao, G.S. Fuis, R.W. Clayton, D. Okaya, and J. Mori, 1996.
Data report for the 1993 Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (LARSE93), Southern California: a passive study from Seal Beach Northeastward Through the Mojave Desert,
USGS Open File Report , OF 96-0085. PDF

6. Mordvinova, V.V., Yu. A. Zorin, S. Gao, and P.M. Davis, 1995.
Estimation of the thickness of Earth's crust at the profile Irkutsk - Ulan_Bator - Undurshil using spectral ratios of seismic body waves,
Physics of the Earth, N9, 3-10.

5. Liu, H., P. M. Davis, and S. Gao, 1995.
SKS splitting beneath southern California,
Geophysical Research Letters, 22, 767-770, doi: 10.1029/95GL00487. PDF

4. Gao, S., P. M. Davis, H. Liu, P. D. Slack, Y. A. Zorin, N. A. Logatchev, M. G. Kogan, P. D. Burkholder, and R. P. Meyer, 1994.
Preliminary results of teleseismic studies of the mantle of the Baikal Rift,
Physics of the Earth, N7-8: 113-122.

3. Zorin, Y.A., V.G. Belichenko, E.K. Turutanov, V.V. Modvinova, V.M. Kozhevnikov, P. Khozbayar, O. Tomurtogoo, N. Arvisbaatar, S. Gao, and P. Davis, 1994.
Baikal-Mongolia transect,
Russian Geology and Geophysics, 35, 78-92.

2. Gao, S., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, P. Slack, Y.A. Zorin, N. A. Logatchev, M. Kogan, P. Burkholder and R.P. Meyer, 1994.
Asymmetric upwarp of the asthenosphere beneath the Baikal Rift Zone, Siberia.
Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 15,319-15,330, doi: 10.1029/94JB00808. PDF

1. Gao, S., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, P. D. Slack, Y. A. Zorin, V. V. Mordvinova, V. M. Kozhevnikov, and R. P. Meyer, 1994.
Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath the Baikal Rift Zone,
Nature, 371, 149-151, doi: 10.1038/371149a0. PDF

0. Gao, S., 1995.
Seismic evidence for small scale mantle convection under the Baikal Rift Zone, Siberia,
PhD dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles (11 MB in size). PDF



Conference abstracts & proceedings, technical reports, and others

1. Davis, P.M., S. Gao, H. Liu, and P. Slack,
Baikal 1991 seismic array project data report,
IRIS data center,, 1991.

2. Gao, S., H. Liu, P.D. Slack, P.M. Davis, P. D. Burkholder, L. Delitsin, R. P. Meyer, Yu. A. Zorin, and N. A. Logatchev,
Seismic array studies traversing the Siberian craton, Lake Baikal, to the Gobi Desert,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 73, 408, 1992.

3. Davis, P.M., S. Gao, H. Liu, P. Slack, M. Benthien and Don Daniels,
Baikal 1992 seismic array project data report,
IRIS Data center,, 1992.

4. Davis, P.M., S. Gao, H. Liu, and P. Slack,
Seismic array study of the Baikal rift zone, Siberia,
Proceedings of the 14th Annual Pl/DARPA Seismic Research Symposium: 99-110, 1992.

5. Davis, P.M., S. Gao, H. Liu, and P.D. Slack,
Baikal 1991 seismic array project data report,
Submitted to Darpa/NMRO and IRIS DMC, January 20, 1993.

6. Gao, S. P.M. Davis, H. Liu, P. D. Slack, Yu. A. Zorin, and R. P. Meyer,
SKS Splitting in Mongolia and Siberia,
Fifth Annual IRIS Workshop, Hawaii, 34, June, 1993.

7. Gao, S., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, and P. D. Slack,
A new approach for the determination of SKS splitting parameters and the maximum depth of the anisotropic layer,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 74, 404, 1993.

8. Liu, H., P.M. Davis and S. Gao,
SKS Splitting in California Related to Modern Plate Movement,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 74, 404, 1993.

9. Davis, P.M., H. Liu, M. Benthien, J. Norris, S. Gao, G.S. Fuis, J. Murphy, T. Brocher, R.W. Clayton, K. Hafner, C. Contopoulos, C. Scrivner, T.L. Henyey, M. Robertson, H. Ekstrom, and J. Bhowmik,
The Los Angeles Region seismic experiment - Passive and active phases,
Seism. Res. Lett., 65, 15, March 1994.

10. Liu, H., P.M. Davis, and S. Gao,
SKS splitting measurements and mantle deformation in California,
Seism. Res. Lett., 65, 20, March 1994.

11. Gao, S., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, P.D. Slack, Yu.A. Zorin, V.V. Mordvinova, V.M. Kozhevnikov, R.P. Meyer, and P. Burkholder,
Anisotropy beneath the Baikal rift zone,
Seism. Res. Lett., 65, 18, March 1994.

12. Davis, P.M., P.Slack, S.Gao, and H. Liu,
Teleseismic anomalies in the mantle beneath continental rifts,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 75, 67, June 1994.

13. Gao, S., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, P.D. Slack, Yu.A. Zorin, V.V. Mordvinova, V.M. Kozhevnikov, and R.P. Meyer,
Seismic Anisotropy beneath the Baikal and Kenya rift zones,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 75, 67, June, 1994.

14. Liu, H., P.M. Davis and S. Gao,
Seismic Anisotropy in the Western United States,
Eos,Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 75, 67, June, 1994b.

15. Liu, H., P.M. Davis and S. Gao,
Davis, P.M, S.Gao, H.Liu, P.D.Slack, M. Benthien and D. Daniels,
Baikal 1992 Seismic Array Project data report,
Submitted to Darpa/NMRO and IRIS DMC, July, 1994.

16. Liu, H, P.M. Davis, and S. Gao,
Preliminary Results from the 1994 Northridge Earthquake Aftershock Recording (NEAR-94) Project in Santa Monica region, California,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 75, G31A-05, 1994.

17. Gao, S., P.M. Davis, and H. Liu,
Spatial variations of waveform parameters for Northridge earthquake aftershocks in the damage zones of Sherman Oaks and Santa Monica and in their vicinity,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 75, G31A-04, 1994.

18. Liu, H., P.M. Davis and S. Gao,
Davis, P. M., S. Gao, H. Liu, and Yu. A. Zorin,
P- and Shear-wave Anisotropies and the Existence of Upper Mantle Flow Beneath the Baikal Rift Zone, Siberia,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 76, S31A-06, 1995.

19. Davis, P.M., and S. Gao,
Seismic Propagation in the Baikal Rift Zone: A Transition from a Craton to an Orogenic Zone,
Proceedings of the 17th Annual Pl/DARPA Seismic Research Symposium, 1995.

20. Gao, S.,
Comparison of the Shanxi Rift System in Northern China and the Baikal Rift System in Siberia,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 76, S41E-02, 1995.

21. Gao, S.,
Seismic Evidence for Small Scale Mantle Convection under the Baikal Rift Zone, Siberia,
PhD thesis, UCLA, 221 pages, June 1995.

22. Liu, H., S. Gao, P. M. Davis, and L. Knopoff,
Basin Focusing and Local Site Effects from Northridge Aftershocks,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 76, S12A-06, 1995.

23. Davis, P.M. and S. Gao,
Teleseismic P- and S-wave Attenuation under the Baikal Rift Zone and Adjacent Areas: Method, Measurements, and Interpretation,
Proceedings of the 18 Annual Seismic Research Symposium on Monitoring a comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, September, 1996.

24. Kohler, M. D., P.M. Davis, H. Liu, M. Benthien, S. Gao, G. S. Fuis, R. W. Clayton, D. Okaya, and J. Mori (1996),
Data report for the 1993 Los Angeles Region Seismic Experiment (LARSE93), Southern California: a passive study from Seal Beach Northeastward Through the Mojave Desert,
USGS Open File Report , OF 96-0085.

25. Davis, P.M., H. Liu, and S. Gao,
Progress report: Northridge earthquake aftershock analysis,
Annual report of the Southern California Earthquake Center, 1996.

26. Davis, P.M., and S. Gao,
Seismic propagation in South Central Siberia,
Air Force OSR, 1996.

27. Gao, S., P. Davis, H. Liu, R. P. Meyer, and Yu. A. Zorin,
A lower mantle high shear-wave velocity anomaly inferred from ScS-S, PcP-P, and ScP-P differential travel time residuals,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 77, T12A-36, 1996.

28. Liu, H., S. Gao, P. M. Davis, and L. Knopoff,
Comparison of seismic approaches for strong ground motion prediction using weak motion data,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 77, S21D-02, 1996.

29. Pei, G., P. M. Davis, S. Gao, and H. Liu,
Qp and Qs beneath southern California,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 77, T41A-10, 1996.

30. Davis, P.M., and S. Gao,
Final technical report of the Baikal seismic experiment,
DARPA, 1997.

31. Gao, S., A. T. Linde, and P. G. Silver,
Synthesis of borehole strain and GPS observations,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 78, S22A-02, 1997.

32. Liu, H., S. Gao, and P. M. Davis,
Seismic body wave attenuation beneath the Baikal rift zone, Siberia,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 78, S31B-07, 1997.

33. Liu, H., P. M. Davis, and S. Gao,
Possible causes of enhanced damage during Northridge earthquake,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 78, S12A-04, 1997 (Fall meeting).

34. Gao, S., P. G. Silver, A. T. Linde, and I. S. Sacks,
Annual modulation of triggered seismicity following the 1992 Mw=7.3 Landers earthquake,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 78, S21E-03, 1997 (Fall meeting).

35. Gao, S., P.G. Silver, and A. T. Linde,
A comprehensive analysis of deformation data at Parkfield, California: Detection of a long-term strain transient,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 78, G42A-08, 1997 (Fall meeting).

36. James, D., S. van der Lee, S. Gao, P. G. Silver, and J. VanDecar
Kaapvaal Project: Preliminary seismic observations and analysis,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 78, S51D-11, 1997 (Fall meeting).

37. Dunn, P. J., M. H. Torrence, P.G. Silver, S. Gao, D. E. Smith, and R. Kolenkiewicz,
Satellite laser ranging observations of unsteady tectonic motion,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 78, G41A-17, 1997 (Fall meeting).

38. Silver, P. G., S. Gao, and the Kaapvaal working group,
Shear wave splitting from the Southern African Seismic experiment,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S32A-06, 1998 (Spring meeting).

39. James, D.E., van der Lee, S., Gao, S., Silver, P., VanDecar, J., Kuehnel, R., Jordan, T.H., Saltzer, R., Gaherty. J., Gore, J., Zengeni, T., Nguuri, T., Wright, C., Webb, S., Burford, D., Doucoure, M., Molisana, M., Robey, J., Green, R., Harvey, J., Kostlin, E., Reichhardt, F.
Review of seismic structure of the continental lithosphere with results from the southern Africa seismic experiment,
Abstract to the Kimberlite Conference, Capetown, South Africa, 1998.

40. Gao, S., P.G. Silver, and the Kaapvaal working group,
The Southern African Seismic experiment: A systematic study of mantle discontinuities,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S32A-07, 1998 (Spring meeting).

41. Gao, S., P. G. Silver, and A. T. Linde,
Candidate ultra-slow earthquakes along the San Andrews fault system,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S51B-06, 1998 (Spring meeting).

42. James, D., S. van der Lee, S. Gao, P. G. Silver, J. VanDecar, R. Kuehnel, T. H. Jordan, and others,
Southern Africa Seismic Experiment: Initial results,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S51C-03, 1998 (Spring meeting).

43. James, D., S. van der Lee, J. VanDecar, J. Gore, T.Nguuri, and S. Gao,
Seismic structure of the tectosphere beneath southern Africa,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S11B-03, 1998.

44. Silver, P.G., S. Gao and the Kaapvaal Working Group,
Mantle anisotropy beneath southern Africa from shear-wave splitting: preliminary results from the Southern Africa Seismic Experiment,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S11B-04, 1998 (Fall meeting).

45. Gao, S., P. G. Silver, D. E. James, and the Kaapvaal working group,
Seismic structure and tectonics of southern Africa -- progress report,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S72D-04, invited, 1998 (Fall meeting).

46. Wen, L., Gao, S., P. G. Silver, and the Kaapvaal Working Group,
Seismic structures in the lower mantle and the core-mantle boundary region beneath southern Africa,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S11B-02, 1998 (Fall meeting).

47. Gao, S., and P. G. Silver,
Lateral variation of mantle discontinuities from the stacking of SS precursors,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S32C-02, 1998 (Fall meeting).

48. Silver, P. G., S. Gao and A. linde,
An integrated analysis of deformation data at Parkfield, California: Detection of a long-term strain transient,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, S12F-04, invited, 1998 (Fall meeting).

49. Tyburczy, J. A., S. Gao, P. G. Silver, and A. T. Linde,
Very broad band observations of strain transients from borehole strainmeters,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79, G71H-02, invited, 1998 (Fall meeting).

50. Gao, S. et al.
SKS splitting beneath the Baikal rift zone,
23rd General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society; Part 1, Society Symposia, Solid Earth, Geophysics and Geodesy; Annales Geophysicae, vol. 16, Suppl. 1; p. 154, 1998.

51. Gao, S.S., P.G. Silver, D.E. James, and the Kaapvaal Working Group,
Evidence of Geologically Controlled Seismic Anisotropy Beneath Southern Africa,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80, S21E-06, 1999 (Fall meeting).

52. Liu, K.H., S.S. Gao, P.G. Silver, and D.E. James,
Spatial variation of mantle velocity discontinuities across South America,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80, S41D-12, 1999 (Fall meeting).

53. Silver, P.G., S.S. Gao, and A.T. Linde,
Characterization of the Parkfield Transient: Evidence of Aseismic Stress Transfer,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80, S22C-07, invited, 1999 (Fall meeting).

54. James, D.E., J. VanDecar, S. van der Lee, M. Fouch,
S. Gao, T. Nguuri, J. Gore, and Kaapvaal Seismic Group,
Tomographic and depth phasing imaging of mantle structure beneath the southern Africa Seismic Array,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 80, S32C-14, 1999 (Fall meeting).

55. James, D.E., M.J. Fouch, J. VanDecar, T. Nguuri, J. Gore, S. van der Lee, S. Gao, and Kaapvaal Seismic Group,
Lithospheric structure beneath southern Africa: Implications for the formation and evolution of cratons,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 81, S61A-03, 2000 (Spring meeting).

56. Liu, K.H., S. S. Gao, and P.G. Silver,
Characteristics of a very narrow band seismic signal near 2.08 Hz,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 81, S31A-08, 2000 (Spring meeting).

57. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and P.G. Silver,
Lateral variations in mantle discontinuity depth across Antarctica and the Indian Ocean from the stacking of SS precursors,
Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 81, S61A-12, 2000 (Spring meeting).

58. Silver, P.G., and Gao, S.S,
Mantle deformation beneath Southern Africa,
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, GSA Annual Meeting, A-163, 2000.

59. Gao, S.S., J.A. Zachary, A. Cao, K.H. Liu, C.G. Oviatt, and P.G. Silver,
KSArray: A Portable Seismic Network in the Heart of the Conterminous United States,
Eos Trans. AGU, 81(48), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S71A-07, 2000.

60. Liu, K.H., S. S. Gao, and P. G. Silver,
High Resolution Imaging of Mantle Discontinuities across South America at 20 Degrees South,
Eos Trans. AGU, 81(48), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S52B-09, 2000.

61. Zachary, J.A., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao,
Rapid Variation of Crustal Thickness from an Ancient Craton to a Young Orogenic Belt,
Eos Trans. AGU, 81(48), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S72A-30, 2000.

62. Cao, A., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao,
SKS Splitting beneath TriNet Stations in Southern California,
Eos Trans. AGU, 81(48), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S62D-10, 2000.

63. Silver, P.G., and S.S. Gao,
Mantle Deformation Beneath Southern Africa,
Eos Trans. AGU, 81(48), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract U72A-26, 2000.

64. Cao, A., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao,
Evidences of a Stalled-Slab beneath the Coast Ranges, California, from Seismicity and Converted Phases,
Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall Meet., Suppl., Abstract S31B-0607, 2001.

65. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and P.G. Silver,
SKS/SKKS Splitting Parameters Beneath GSN Stations: A Web-Based Database,
Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall, Meet. Suppl., Abstract S51E-03, 2001.

66. Liu, K.H., S.S. Gao, A. Cao, Y. Zhang, J. Zachary, and C. Chen,
Mantle Layering Beneath GSN Stations from Nonlinear Stacking of P-to-S Converted Waves,
Eos Trans. AGU, 82(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S42B-0646, 2001.

67. Liu, K.H., A. Cao, J. Zachary, S.S. Gao, and P.G. Silver,
KSArray: A Portable Seismic Experiment for the Study of the Mantle Transition between the Rocky Mountains and the North American Craton,
13th Annual IRIS (Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology) Workshop, Jackson Lodge, Wyo., June, 2001.

68. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, P.G. Silver, and R. Willemann,
Near Real-Time Determination of Shear-Wave Splitting Parameters,
IAGA-IASPEI Joint Scientific Assembly, 2001.

69. Chen, C.Z., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu,
Variation of Crustal Thickness and Vp/Vs Across Mongolian Foldbelt, the Baikal Rift, and Siberian Platform: Observations and Interpretation,
GSA Annual Meeting Abstracts, Denver, Oct., 2002.

70. Gao, S.S., K.H., Liu, A. Cao, C. Chen, M. Hubbard, J. Zachary, and Y. Zhang,
Old Rifts Never Die: Crustal Thickening Across the Midcontinent Rift and Its Possible Role in Post-rifting Tectonics,
GSA Annual Meeting Abstracts, Denver, Oct., 2002.

71. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao,
Possible seismic discontinuities in the lower mantle,
Abstracts with Programs, 34 (6), GSA Annual Meeting Abstracts, Denver, pp. 21, 2002.

72. S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu,
Systematic measurements of splitting parameters of P-to-S converted phases from mantle discontinuities,
Eos Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S51A-1032, 2002.

73. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao,
Structure of the 660-km discontinuity below a deflected slab: complex or simple?
Eos Trans. AGU, 83(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S51A-1033, 2002.

74. S.S. Gao, et al.,
Small earthquakes in NE Kansas and their possible causes,
GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 35, No. 2, February 2003

75. Bruce, E., R. Yarnell, S. Gao, and K. Liu,
Mantle structure and dynamics beneath east Asia:
Consequences of subducting slabs and continental collision,
GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 35, No. 2, February 2003

76. Chinaka, E., K. H. Liu, and S. S. Gao,
Constraints on South American crustal evolution and composition from crustal Poisson's ratio and thickness measurements,
Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S41D-01111, 2003.

77. Gao, S.S.,
Ocean-floor Asymmetry and Its Relationship with Transform Faults,
Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract T11B-08, 2003.

78. K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao,
Searching for sharp lower-mantle discontinuities in the lower mantle beneath the western United States by stacking thousands of P-to-S converted phases,
Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S51A-06, 2003.

79. Nair, S.N., K. H. Liu, S. S. Gao, and P. G. Silver,
Spatial variations in crustal thickness and Vp/Vs ratio in southern Africa and their geological implications,
Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S51C-0059, 2003.

80. Qu, W., and S. S. Gao,
Body-wave attenuation across the Baikal rift zone, Siberia,
Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S22B-0449, 2003.

81. Silver, P., M. Fouch, S. Gao, and M. Schmitz,
Mantle Anisotropy, Collisional Rifts and the Magmatic Evolution of Southern Africa: Old (Mantle) Fabric Never Dies,
Eos Trans. AGU, 84(46), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S51F-05, 2003.

82. Kaur, K., Gao, Y., K. H. Liu, and S. S. Gao,
Mantle anisotropy above the deflected Pacific slab beneath Northeast China,
Eos Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract T21B-0537, 2004.

83. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, Z. Zhang, and Y. Gao,
Searching for the difference in attenuation between the fast and slow shear waves,
Eos Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S13B-1049, 2004.

84. Liu, K. H., S. S. Gao, and S. K. Nair,
Temporal variations of crustal characteristics,
Eos Trans. AGU, 85(47), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S13B-1068, 2004.

85. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and R.L. Cullers,
Crustal thickness beneath ocean islands,
Eos Trans. AGUnion, 86(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S41E-02, 2005.

86. R.L. Cullers, Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu,
A Geologic Classification of Worldwide Seismic Sites,
Eos Trans. AGU, 86(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S33B-0330, 2005.

87. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao,
A Cold Mantle Transition Zone Beneath the Baikal Rift,
Eos Trans. AGU, 86(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract DI41A-1266, 2005.

88. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu,
Study of Earth's layered structure on a Global scale using broadband seismic datasets,
in IRIS cornerstone facilities for seismology and Earth sciences, 2005.

89. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu,
Geophysical teaching and research at Kansas State University,
Geophysical Society of Kansas Newsletter, vol. 2, 2005.

90. Bridges, D., and S.S. Gao,
Spatial variation of seismic b-values beneath Makushin Volcano, Unalaska Island, Alaska,
Workshop on Backbone of the Americas - Patagonia to Alaska,
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Specialty Meeting No. 2, p.55. Mendoza, Argentina, 3-7 April, 2006.

91. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu,
Searching for complex anisotropy using SKS and S-waves ,
Eos Trans. AGU, 87(36), West. Pac. Geophys. Meet. Suup., Abstract S11B-0131, 2006.

92. Liu, K.H., S.S. Gao, Y. gao, and J. Wu,
Shear-wave splitting above the deflected northwest Pacific slab determined using SKS and S phases,
Eos Trans. AGU, 87(36), West. Pac. Geophys. Meet. Suppl., Abstract S12A-05, 2006.

93. Gao, Y., J. Wu, K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, and Y. Shi,
Mantle anisotropy beneath China: Measurements and implications,
Eos Trans. AGU, 87(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S53A-1302, 2006.

94. Liu, K.H., and S. S. Gao,
Imaging the layered structure of the Earth's crust and mantle beneath western US using converted waves from USArray and other broadband data sets,
Earth Scope National Meeting, March, 2007, Monterey Bay, CA.

95. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu,
A uniform database of shear-wave parameters for North America,
Gordon Conference abstract, June 2007, South Hadley, MA.

96. Moidaki, M., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and E. Atekwana,
Crustal thickness, Poisson's ratio, and Moho sharpness beneath the Midcontinent rift,
GSA north-central conference, April, 2007, Lawrence, KS

97. Abdelsalam, M. G., and S. S. Gao,
Taking the pulse of the Saharan Metacraton,
GSA north-central conference, Paper No. 21-3, April, 2007, Lawrence, KS

98. Moidaki, M., K.H. Liu, S. S. Gao, J.P. Hogan, and M. G. Abdelsalam,
Shear-wave splitting beneath the New Madrid Seismic Zone and adjacent areas,
Eos Trans. AGU, 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract S42A-08, 2007.

99. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, R.J. Stern, G.R. Keller, J.P. Hogan, J. Pulliam, and E. Y. Anthony,
Characteristics of mantle fabrics beneath the southern-central United States: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurements,
Eos Trans. AGU, 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract V34A-08, 2007.

100. Yuan, H., B. Romanowicz, K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, and F. Marone,
3D radial and azimuthal anisotropy structure in north America,
Eos Trans. AGU, 88(52), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract T23A-1204, 2007.

101. Liu, K.H. and S. S. Gao,
First-order characteristics of mantle fabrics revealed by teleseismic shear-wave splitting parameters at broadband seismic stations in North America,
Eos Trans. AGU, 89(23), Jt. Assem. Suppl., Abstract S44A-02, 2008.

102. Moidaki, M., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu,
Rift-parallel magmatic dikes beneath the Midcontinent Rift: Evidence from shear-wave splitting analysis,
Eos Trans. AGU, 89(23), Jt. Assem. Suppl., Abstract S44A-03, 2008.

103. Stern, R.J., E.A. Anthony, S.S. Gao, K.L. Mickus, and J. Pulliam,
Progress towards a Gulf of Mexico passive margin experiment,
GSA South-Central section 42nd Annual Meeting, 2008.

104. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu,
Mantle Velocity Structure and Anisotropy beneath the Gulf of Mexico and Adjacent Areas: Constraining the Geometry of the North American Continental Keel and Possible Asthenospheric Flow Field around It,
GSA Annual Meeting, Paper 289-7, 2008

105. Niemi, T.M., S.S. Gao, and R.A. Black,
The Central Plains EarthScope Partnership (CPEP),
New Madrid Seismic Zone Conference, Rolla, Missouri, 2008

106. Wang, B., and S.S. Gao,
A Cubic B-Spline Approach for Inter-Transformation Between Potential Field and Gradient Data,
AGU Annual Meeting, paper GP43B-0801, 2008

107. Gao, S.S., B. Wang, K.H. Liu,
Improvements of the Simplex Optimum Method for Seismic Location,
AGU Annual Meeting, paper S41C-1872, 2008

108. Pulliam, J., S. Suhardja, R.Stern, E. Anthony, S.S. Gao, R. Keller, and K. Mickus,
Broadband seismic study of the Texas continent-ocean boundary: A pilot project,
GSA South-Central meeting, 2009.

109. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao,
Seismic anisotropy beneath the southern Tibetan Plateau: New results from shear-wave splitting analysis,
The 5th Tibetan Plateau Conference, Beijing, China, August 2009.

110. Abdelsalam, M.G., and S.S. Gao,
Origin of initial rifting in the Red Sea: Was it vertical tectonics?
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, vol. 41, No. 7, p. 127, GSA Annual Meeting, 2009.

111. Bashir, L., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao,
Crustal thickness and Vp/Vs ratio variations beneath the Colorado Plateau,
AGU Annual Meeting, 2009.

112. Atef, A., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao,
Apparent weekly and daily earthquake periodicities in the western US,
AGU Annual Meeting, 2009.

113. Brundrett, M., H. Gurola, J. Pulliam, R. Stern, E. Anthony, S. S. Gao, G.R. Keller, and K. Mickus,
Receiver function study of the rifted margin of the Gulf Coast Plain: A Pilot Project,
AGU Annual Meeting, 2009.

114. Cosatt, M., K. Mickus, W. Bekele, M. Abdelsalam, and S.S. Gao,
Preliminary gravity analysis of the crustal structure within the Tendaho Graben and Manda Hararo rift in the central Afar, Ethiopia,
GSA Cordilleran Section meeting - 105th Annual meeting, 2009.

115. Bridges, D.L., K. Mickus, S.S. Gao, M. Abdelsalam, and W. Haro,
Detailed magnetic study of the Red Sea propagator within Afar, Ethiopia: Implications for the transitioning from continental rifting to sea floor spreading,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

116. Wang, B., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu,
High accuracy practical derivative transformations in potential-field geophysics using B-splines,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

117. Almadani, S., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and K. Mickus,
Crustal thickness, Poisson's ratio, and Moho sharpness beneath central Tien Shan: Constraints from receiver function stacking,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

118. Ray, M., K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, Y. Gao,
Complex lithospheric seismic anisotropy in the vicinity of the May 12, 2008, Wenchuan, China, earthquake,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

119. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, and M. Abdelsalam,
Seismic anisotropy beneath the Afar Depression, Ethiopia, and adjacent areas: Implications for mantle flow,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

120. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao,
Teleseismic investigations of the Hoggar swell, Algeria,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

121. Bashir, L., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao,
Sharp contrasts in crustal characteristics beneath the southern Basin and Range Province and the Colorado Plateau in Arizona,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

122. Refayee, H.A., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu,
Pervasive double-layer anisotropy beneath the central Tien Shan and its geodynamic implications,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

123. Gao, S.S., T. Niemi, R. Black, K.H. Liu, R.R. Anderson, R. Joeckel, R. Busby, J. Taber, and R. Woodward,
Scientific rationale for a greatly densified permanent seismic netword in the Central Plains untilizing USArray,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

124. Atef, A.H., U. Aboaja, D. Gaunt, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao,
Geophysical investigations of subsurface structure in the Saint Charles-Saint Louis area,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

125. Moidaki, M., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and E. Atekwana,
Mantle anisotropy beneath the New Madrid seismic zone and adjacent areas,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

126. Mickus, K., B. Weide, D. Bridges, M. Abdelsalam, and S.S. Gao,
Gravity analysis of the crustal structure within the Tendaho Graben, Central Afar, Ethiopia,
GSA North-Central/South-Central annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

127. Sandvol, E., P. Nabelek, E. Duke, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, C. Snelson, P.S. Dahl, M. Terry, and K.A. McCormick,
Structure of the northern Great Plains and implications for continental assembly and evolution,
GSA Rocky Mountain Section annual meeting, GSA Abstracts with Programs, vol. 42, 2010.

128. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, H. Refayee, and Y. Gao,
Azimuthal and spatial variations of shear-wave splitting parameters at long-running seismic stations in the area affected by the India-Eurasian collision,
Eos Trans. AGU, 91(26), Western Pacific Geophysical Meeting, Taipei, Taiwan. 2010.

129. Liu, K.H., M. Ray, and S.S. Gao,
Complex Seismic Anisotropy beneath the Himalayas and Southern Tibetan Plateau,
Eos Trans. AGU, 91(26), Western Pacific Geophysical Meeting, Taipei, Taiwan. 2010.

130. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu,
Temporal clustering of global seismic moment release over the past 115 years,
AGU Meetings of the Americas, Foz do Iguassu, Brazil, 2010.

131. Liu, K.H., H.A. Refayee, U. Purevsuren, M.A. Ray, and S.S. Gao,
Pervasive complex seismic azimuthal anisotropy beneath the western United States orogenic zone,
AGU Meetings of the Americas, Foz do Iguassu, Brazil, 2010.

132. Weide, B., K. Mickus, D. Bridges, M. Abdelsalam, and S.S. Gao,
Gravity analysis of the Tendaho Graben, Afar Depression, Ethiopia,
GSA Northeastern (46th Annual) and North-Central (45th Annual) Joint Meeting (20-22 March 2011).

133. Elsheikh, A., and S.S. Gao (2011),
Two-layer anisotropy beneath Hawaii revealed by teleseismic shear-wave splitting analysis,
GSA South-Central Section - 45th Annual Meeting (27.29 March 2011).

134. Mickus, K., B. Wiede, M. Abdelsalam, and S. S. Gao,
Gravity investigation of the Tendaho Graben, Afar, Ethiopia,
Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 13, EGU2011-5167, EGU General Assembly, 2011.

135. Shi, Y.T., Y. Gao, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2011),
Mantle dynamics beneath the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau,
presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif.

136. Gao, Y., Y.T. Shi, B. Zhao, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2011),
Crustal Anisotropy and Moho Depth in Intersection Zone of Zhangjiakou-Bohai Seismic Belt and Shanxi Seismic Belt in China,
presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif.

137. Refayee, A.H., K.H.Liu, M. A.Ray, P. Uranbaigal and S.S. Gao (2011),
NA-SWS-2.1: An updated uniform database of teleseismic shear-wave splitting measurements for North America,
presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif.

138. Liu, K.H. and S.S. Gao (2011),
Estimation of the Depth of Anisotropy Using Spatial Coherency of Shear-Wave Splitting Parameters,
presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif.

139. Elsheikh, A.A., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and M.G. Abdelsalam (2011),
Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow in northeastern Africa and Arabia,
presented at 2011 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif.

140. Refayee, A.H., K.H. Liu, M.A. Ray, and S.S. Gao (2011),
Shear wave anisotropy beneath the Rio Grande Rift, Rocky Mountains, and western Great Plains,
Seismological Society of America Eastern US section meeting, Little Rock, Arkansas.

141. Bashir, L., K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, and K. Mickus (2011),
Crustal structure traversing the transition zone between the western US orogenic belt and the central Great Plains: Results from seismic receiver function and gravity studies,
Seismological Society of America Eastern US section meeting, Little Rock, Arkansas.

142. Alldredge, B., M. Siemens, D. Gaunt, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2011),
Subsurface Composition and P-Wave Velocities of Greater Saint Louis, Missouri Area,
Seismological Society of America Eastern US section meeting, Little Rock, Arkansas.

143. Gao, S., K. Liu, M. Abdelsalam, A. Elsheikh, S. Almadani, D. Bridges, S. Cherie, K. Mickus, and A. Thurmond (2012),
Crustal and Mantle Seismic Discontinuities beneath the Afar Depression: Preliminary Results from Stacking of Receiver Functions,
34th International Geological Congress.

144. Gao, S.S. and K.H. Liu (2012),
Spatial variations of mantle transition zone thickness beneath western United States,
GSA Abstracts with Programs Vol. 44, No. 7.

145. Liu, K. H., C. Reed, H. Guo, B. Alldredge, A. El-Haddad, E. Tarabees, D. Bridges, and S.S. Gao (2012),
Geophysical investigations of a desert eye structure in the Western Desert, Egypt,
GSA Abstracts with Programs Vol. 44, No. 7.

146. Elsheikh, A.A., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2012),
Seismic anisotropy beneath the Cameroon Volcanic Line and adjacent areas: Implications for mantle flow,
2012 AAPG-SEG Students Expo, Houston, TX

147. Refayee, H.A., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2012),
Petroleum System of the Paleozoic succession of the NC115-South-western Libya,
2012 AAPG-SEG Students Expo, Houston, TX

148. Wang, B.Z., F.A. Darbyshire, and S.S. Gao (2012),
Studying Crust and Upper Mantle Structure in Eastern Canada with High-Resolution Teleseismic Receiver Function Analysis,
presented at 2012 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Calif.

149. Liu, K. H., H. A. Refayee, U. Purevesuren, M. A. Ray, and S. S. Gao (2013),
A uniform shear-wave splitting measurement database for the western United States,
Annual meeting of the Seismological Society of America, April, 2013. Salt Lake City.

150. Liu, K. H., S. S. Gao, A. A. Elsheikh, A. Lemnifi, U. Purevesuren, M. A. Ray, H. A. Refayee, Y. Yu (2013),
First-order characteristics of shear-wave splitting parameters beneath the contiguous United States,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

151. Gao, S. S., and K. H. Liu (2013),
Imaging mantle discontinuities beneath the USArray using multiply-reflected P-to-S conversions,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

152. Elsheikh, A. A., S. S. Gao, and K. H. Liu (2013),
Seismic anisotropy and mantle fabrics beneath eastern Africa and Arabia,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

153. Lemnifi, A., K. H. Liu, and S. S. Gao (2013),
Complex seismic anisotropy beneath Turkey,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

154. Yu, Y., C. A. Reed, S. S. Gao, K. H. Liu, B. Massinque, H. Mdala, M. Moidaki, D. Mutamina, E. Atekwana, S. Ingate, M. Reusch, N. Barstow (2013),
Crustal and mantle structure and anisotropy beneath the incipient segments of the East African Rift System: Preliminary results from the ongoing SAFARI,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

155. Reed, C. A., S. Almandani, S. S. Gao, A. A. Elsheihk, S. Cherie, A. K. Thurmond, and K. H. Liu (2013),
Receiver function constraints on crustal seismic velocities and partial melting in the Red Sea Rift, Central Afar,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

156. Yang, B. B., S. S. Gao, K. H. Liu, A. A. Elsheikh, A. A. Lemnifi, H. A. Refayee, and Y. Yu (2013),
Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath the northern Great Plains of North America,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

157. Kong, F. S., S. S. Gao, and K. H. Liu (2013),
A systematic performance comparison of the transverse energy minization and splitting intensity techniques for measuring shear-wave splitting parameters,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

158. Gao, S.S. and K. H. Liu (2013),
Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath Yellowstone imaged using multiply-reflected P-to-S conversions,
MantlePlumes.org

159. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao (2014),
The Missouri S&T western and central United States shear-wave splitting database,
Iris Data Product.

160. Gao, S.S., and K. H. Liu (2014),
Upper mantle origin of African rifts: Evidence from receiver function and shear-wave splitting studies,
International Workshop on the Frontiers of Computational Geodynamics, Beijing.

161. Wu, J., Z. Zhang, F. Kong, B. Yang, Y. Yu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2014),
Complex anisotropy in western Tibet and its tectonic significance,
International Workshop on the Frontiers of Computational Geodynamics, Beijing.

162. Liu, K.H., and S. S. Gao (2014),
Seismic anisotropy and mantle flow beneath the western and central United States,
International Workshop on the Frontiers of Computational Geodynamics, Beijing.

163. Cherie, S.G., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, C.A. Cory, F.S. Kong, A.A. Elsheikh, Y. Jiang, D. Wang, S. Wu, and D.P. Leach (2014),
Shear Wave Splitting and Mantle Deformation beneath Eastern Eurasia and Indo-Australia,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

164. Reed, C.A., A.A. Mohamed, S.S. Gao, K.L. Mickus, K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, and A.A. Elsheikh (2014),
Evolution of the Red Sea Continental Margin from Integrated Analyses of Gravity, Magnetic, and Receiver Function Observations,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

165. Liu, L., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2014),
Seismic Anisotropy beneath the Eastern Himalayas and Adjacent Areas,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

166. Lemnifi, A.A., K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, A.A. Elsheikh, C.A. Reed, Y. Yu, and A.M. Elmelade (2014),
Investigations of Libyan Upper Mantle Anisotropy and Crustal Structure Using Shear Wave Splitting and Receiver Function Analyses,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

167. Yang, B.B., C.A. Reed, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao(2014),
Teleseismic Body-Wave Attenuation beneath the Western and Central United States,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

168. Kong, F.S., J. Wu, B.B. Yang, Y. Yu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2014),
Crustal Anisotropy and Lower Crustal Flow beneath the Eastern Margin of the Tibetan Plateau Revealed by P-to-S Conversions from the Moho,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

169. Liu, K.H., A.A. Mohamed, S.S. Gao, A.A. Elsheikh, Y. Yu, and R. Fat-Helbary (2014),
A Receiver Function Study of Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities beneath Egypt and Saudi Arabia,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

170. Elsheikh, A.A., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2014),
A Uniform Shear-Wave Splitting Database for Africa and Arabia,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

171. Gao, S.S. and K.H. Liu (2014),
Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities beneath the Contiguous United States,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

172. Yu, Y., C.A. Reed, S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, B. Massinque, H.S. Mdala, P.R.N. Chindandali, M. Moidaki and D.M. Mutamina (2014),
Exploring Crustal Structure and Mantle Seismic Anisotropy Associated with the Incipient Southern and Southwestern Branches of the East African Rift System,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

173. Song, J.G., Y. Yu, K.H. Liu and S.S. Gao (2014),
Simultaneous Characterization of Crustal and Sedimentary Layers Using Receiver Functions,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

174. Yao, S., F. Kong, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2015),
Crustal anisotropy beneath south-central Tibet revealed by P-to-S conversions from the Moho,
Geological Society South-central section meeting abstract.

175. Reed, C.A., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, B. Massingue, H. Mdala, P. Chindandali, and D. Mutamina (2015),
Lithospheric thickness induced modulation of mantle anisotropy beneath the Malawi and Luangwa rift zones from shear-wave splitting observations,
Geological Society South-central section meeting abstract.

176. Yu, Y., K.H. Liu, M. Moidaki, C. Reed, and S.S. Gao (2015),
Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the incipient Okavango Rift,
Geological Society South-central section meeting abstract.

177. Liu, Y.H., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015),
Seismic anisotropy associated with the Great Meteor hotspot track: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurements,
Geological Society South-central section meeting abstract.

178. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2015),
Receiver function investigations of mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the contiguous United States and Alaska,
International Workshop on the Frontiers of Geosciences and IPACESS Annual Workshop, Nanjing University, China.

179. Kong, F.S., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015),
Applicability of the Multiple-event Stacking Technique for Shear-wave Splitting Analysis,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

180. Yang, B.B., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, H. Dahm, and F.S. Kong (2015),
Crustal and mantle seismic anisotropy beneath the ‘Great Lakes Mantle Divot’ and adjacent areas: Constraints from shear-wave splitting measurement,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

181. Dahm, H., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, and B.B. Yang (2015),
Mantle Transition Zone Discontinuities Beneath Alaska,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

182. Lemnifi, A.A., K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, C.A. Reed, and Y. Yu (2015),
Seismological Investigations of Crustal and Mantle Structure and Dynamics beneath North-central Africa,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

183. Liu, L., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015),
Determining Crustal Structure beneath the New Madrid Seismic Zone and Adjacent Areas: Application of a Reverberation-removal Filter,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

184. De Almeida Goetze, B., Y. Yu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2015),
Preliminary Observations of the Mantle Transition Zone Beneath South America from Non-Plane Wave Stacking of P-to-S Receiver Functions,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

185. Yu, Y., K.H. Liu, C.A. Reed, S.S. Gao, M. Moidaki, K. Mickus, and E. Atekwana (2015),
Seismological Investigations of Crustal and Mantle Structures Beneath the Incipient Okavango Rift,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

186. Reed, C.A., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, P. Chindandali, B. Massinque, H. Mdala, and D. Mutamina (2015),
Teleseismic Investigations of the Malawi and Luangwa Rift Zones: Ongoing Observations From the SAFARI Experiment,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

187. Liu, Y.H., B.B. Yang, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015),
Seismic anisotropy and mantle dynamics beneath the southeastern United States inferred from shear-wave splitting analysis,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

188. Sun, M., B.B. Yang, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2015),
Seismic anisotropy beneath Northeast China revealed by shear-wave splitting analyses,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

189. Atekwana, E., K. Matende, M. Abdelsalam, K. Mickus, E. Atekwana, S.S. Gao, O. Sikazwe, K.H. Liu, and R. Evans (2015),
Crustal structure beneath the Luangwa Rift, Zambia: Constraints from potential field data,
Eos Trans. AGU, Fall Meet. Suppl.

190. Gao, S.S., L. Liu, M. Sun, and K.H. Liu (2016),
Characterization of continental crust beneath the South-Central United States using reverberation-removed receiver functions,
Geological Society of America South-Central 50th annual meeting.

191. Gao, S.S. (2016),
Seismological investigations of the non-volcanic segments of the East African Rift System: Results from the Seismic Arrays For African Rift Initiation (SAFARI) Project,
Frontiers of Geosciences and IPACES Joint Conference, 6/18-19, Wuhan University, China.

192. Gao, S.S. (2016),
Crustal and mantle seismic anisotropy beneath the Tibetan Plateau and adjacent areas from shear-wave splitting analyses,
The First China Georeference Conference, 06/27-29, Beijing, IGG, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

193. Gao, S.S. (2016),
Crustal and mantle anisotropy beneath western China,
The Second International Workshop on Geophysical Imaging of Subsurface Reservoirs and Fluids, 7/2-3, Qingdao, Ocean University of China.

194. Gao, S.S., and K.H. Liu (2016),
Rifting initiation through lateral variations of lithospheric basal stress beneath preexisting zones of weakness,
Paper No. 229-1, Geological Society of America annual meeting.

195. Liu, K.H., B.B. Yang, Y. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2016),
Seismic anisotropy beneath the contiguous United States from shear wave splitting analysis utilizing all the USArray and other stations,
Paper No. 130-2, Geological Society of America annual meeting.

196. Abdelnabi, A., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2016),
A full field static model of the RG-oil field, central Sirte Basin, Libya,
Society of Exploration Geophysicists annual meeting, extended abstract. PDF.

197. Peng, Y.X., J. Wu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2016),
Crustal structure beneath the eastern Tibetan Plateau from receiver functions,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

198. Kong, F.S., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2016),
Stratification of seismic azimuthal anisotropy: Preliminary results from the contiguous United States,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

199. Dahm, H.H., F.S. Kong, S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2016),
Crustal and mantle anisotropy beneath Alaska inferred from shear-wave splitting analysis,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

200. Sun, M.C., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2016),
Crustal thickness and Vp/Vs measurements using receiver functions: A global review,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

201. Reed, C.R., S.S. Gao, Y. Yu, K.H. Liu, P. Chindandali, H.S. Mdala, B. Massinque, and D.M. Mutamina (2016),
Inferences of complex anisotropic layering and mantle flow beneath the Malawi Rift Zone from shear-wave pplitting,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

202. Liu, L., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2016),
Lithospheric layering beneath southern Africa constrained by S-to-P receiver functions,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA.

203. Abdelnabi, A., K.H. Liu, S.S. Gao, and Y. Abushalah (2017),
Seismic attributes aided fault detection and enhancement in the Sirte Basin, Libya,
Society of Exploration Geophysicists annual meeting, extended abstract. PDF

204. Zhang, T.Z., Y.N. Lin, K.H. Liu, A. Alhakeem, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Fault visualization enhancement using ant tracking technique and its application in the Taranaki Basin, New Zealand,
Society of Exploration Geophysicists annual meeting, extended abstract. PDF

205. Yang, B., Y. Liu, H. Dahm, K.H. Liu, S.S Gao, et al. (2017),
Seismic azimuthal anisotropy and its geodynamic implications: Eastern US case study,
Society of Exploration Geophysicists annual meeting, extended abstract.

206. Liu, L., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, K.L. Mickus, J. Song, and Y. Yu (2017),
Crustal structure and vertical movements of the Upper Mississippi Embayment and Ozark Uplift,
paper No. 29-2, Geological Society of America annual meeting.

207. Liu, K.H., C.R. Reed, Y. Yu, M. Sun, and S.S. Gao (2017),
The mantle transition zone beneath the East African Rift System: From Afar to Okavango,
paper No. 117-13, Geological Society of America annual meeting.

208. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, C.A. Reed, K.L. Mickus, and M. Moidaki (2017),
Crustal and mantle structure and anisotropy beneath the young and incipient segments of the east african rift system (Invited Presentation),
paper No. 117-10, Geological Society of America annual meeting.

209. Liu, K.H., and S.S. Gao (2017),
Mantle flow field beneath North America revealed by seismic azimuthal anisotropy analyses,
Frontiers of Geosciences and IPACES Joint Conference, 7/1-7/2, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, China.

210. Gao, S.S. and K.H. Liu (2017),
Ten years of adventure in the East African Rift System: Testing the rifting models,
Frontiers of Geosciences and IPACES Joint Conference, 7/1-7/2, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, China.

211. Song, J., K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, K. Mickus, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Crustal structure and subsidence of the Williston Basin: Evidence from receiver function stacking and gravity modeling,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

212. Liu, K.H., B. Yang, Y.H. Liu, H. Dahm, H. Refayee, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Azimuthal anisotropy beneath the contiguous United States revealed by shear wave splitting (Invited Presentation),
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

213. Wang, T., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Crustal structure beneath the Malawi and Luangwa rift zones and adjacent areas using ambient noise tomography,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

214. Liu, L., K.H. Liu, F. Kong, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Lithospheric Layering beneath the Contiguous United States Constrained by S-to-P Receiver Functions,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

215. Kong, F.S., J. Wu, L. Liu, K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Seismic anisotropy beneath the southeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau and adjacent regions revealed by shear-wave splitting analyses,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

216. Yang, Q.Y., S.S. Gao, and K.H. Liu (2017),
Crustal thickness and Vp/Vs beneath the southeastern United States: Constraints from receiver function stacking,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

217. Acevedo, J.P., K.H. Liu, F.S. Kong, H. Dahm, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Seismic anisotropy beneath Alaska constrained by shear wave splitting analysis,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

218. Peng, Y.X., K.H. Liu, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Teleseismic P-wave attenuation beneath the eastern Tibetan Plateau,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

219. Yu, Y., S.S. Gao, K.H. Liu, T. Yang, M. Xue, and K.P. Le (2017),
Mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Indochina Peninsula: Implications for slab subduction and mantle upwelling,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

220. Sun, M., K.H. Liu, X. Fu, and S.S. Gao (2017),
Receiver function imaging of mantle transition zone discontinuities beneath the Tanzania Craton and the Eastern and Western Branches of the East African Rift System,
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.

221. Gao, S.S., K.H. Liu, Y. Yu, C. Reed, K. Mickus, and M. Moidaki (2017),
Crustal and mantle structure beneath the Okavango and Malawi rifts and its geodynamic implications (Invited Presentation),
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting.



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Questions? Please contact Steve Gao (Email: sgao@mst.edu)